Tuesday, 14 November 2017

Arthritis : What it is and How to treat it ?

Inflammation of the joint is commonly known as arthritis which is accompanied, by pain.  There are different types of arthritis ranges from those related to wear and tear of the cartilage to those associated with inflammation resulting from an overactive immune system.
Arthritis treatment in Chennai can be availed from Chennai with the guidance of Dr. Vijaykumar Sohanlal.  

Types of Arthritis


There are seven main groups of arthritis.  They are,
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Infectious arthritis
  • Back pain
  • Degenerative or Mechanical Arthritis
  • Metabolic Arthritis
  • Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain

Causes of Arthritis


  • Abnormal metabolism
  • Injury
  • Infections
  • Inheritance
  • Immune system dysfunction

People with certain genetic makeup are prone to arthritis.  Factors like previous injury, smoking, infection and physically demanding occupations along with genetic conditions increase the risk of arthritis.  
Foods that are rich in refined sugar, foods that increase inflammation, especially animal-derived foods can exacerbate arthritis.  


Symptoms of Arthritis

  • Stiffness
  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Decreased range of motion    

Diagnosis

Arthritis is diagnosed with a detailed medical history of symptoms, physical examination, radiographic and laboratory studies.  Some other tests include
Rheumatoid factor
  • Joint x-ray
  • Bone scan
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Anti –CCP antibody
  • C-reactive protein 
  • Synovial fluid analysis
  • Antinuclear antibody
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood culture
  • Urinalysis etc

Treatment


Arthritis include painful cases like gout, in such cases, some medications are suggested to relieve pain and prevent further damaging of the joints
The treatment involves the following
  • Medications
  • Weight loss
  •  Splints or joint assistive aids
  • Patient education and support
  • Surgery-joint surgery and joint replacement surgery
  • Diet that is good for joints include nuts and seeds, fruits and vegetables, beans, olive oil and whole grains

Risk Factors


There are certain risk factors.  They are age, genetics, gender, overweight, injuries, infection and occupation.
Regulating activities
There are certain self-management activities which include,
  • Developing arthritis management strategies
  • Staying physically active
  • Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Protecting joints from unnecessary stress
  • Physical activities like walking, swimming, and riding are appropriate for arthritis patients.

Mahi Joint Replacement and Orthopaedic Clinic are headed by Dr. Vijay and he is the best orthopedic doctor in Chennai.  He  consults patient at Fortis Malar Hospital and also  at MAHI Clinic


Mail us @ mahiclinicchennai@gmail.com
Visit us: mahiclinic.com







    


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